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February 23, 2017

HADIAH TERBESAR BANGSA CHINA untuk Indonesia adalah Islam

_*HADIAH TERBESAR BANGSA CHINA untuk Indonesia adalah Islam*_

 REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- _Presiden ketiga RI BJ Habibie menjelaskan mengenai awal kehadiran Islam di Nusantara. Menurut dia, Islam datang ke Indonesia dan diperkenalkan pertama kali lewaat bangsa Cina, melalui Laksamana Cheng Ho._ *"Hadiah terbesar bangsa Cina ke Indonesia adalah agama Islam," kata Habibie* ketika memberikan ceramahnya di Masjid Lautze, Pasar Baru, Jakarta, Jumat (29/8). Habibie menjelaskan, Islam lahir 14 abad silam. Saat itu Islam memang belum sampai ke Jazirah Tiongkok. Baru ketika jalur perdagang an dibuka 700 tahun kemudian Islam sampai di Cina. Kemudian, Laksamana Cheng Ho datang ke Nusantara membawa misi Damai dan Islam pun dikenal masyarakat Indonesia ketika itu. "Ini yang sering saya katakan ketika saya bertemu siapa pun, termasuk Tokoh2 Dunia. Ketika saya ke Cina, Saya diberitahu, umat Islam yang saya temui ini lah orang-orang yang memperkenalkan Islam ke negara Anda," kata dia. _Saya bilang ke Pimpinan Beijing , saya bilang ke pimpinan Jerman, agama Islam datang ke Indonesia dng Damai bukan peperangan," kata dia._ Sejarah perkembangan Islam di Indonesia tak bisa dilepaskan dari _Jasa Walisongo (Wali Sembilan)._ Tahun 1968, Profesor Slamet Mulyana menulis itu dalam bukunya "Runtuhnya Kerajaan Hindu-Jawa dan Timbulnya Negara2 Islam di Nusantara". 
*Walisongo adalah orang yang mendirikan kerajaan Islam pertama di Jawa adalah orang Tionghoa, yakni Chen Jin Wen atau yang lebih dikenal dengan Raden Patah alias Panembahan Tan Jin Bun/Arya (Cu-Cu).* _*Ia adalah pendiri kerajaan Demak di Jawa Tengah.*_ WaliSongo dibentuk oleh Sunan Ampel pada tahun 1474. Mereka terdiri dari Sembilan orang Wali; _*Sunan Ampel alias Bong Swie Ho*_ _*Sunan Drajat alias Bong Tak Keng*_ _*Sunan Bonang alias Bong Tak Ang*_ _*Sunan Kalijaga alias Gan Si Cang*_ _*Sunan Gunung Jati alias Du Anbo-Toh A Bo*_ _*Sunan Kudus alias Zha Dexu-Ja Tik Su*_ _*Sunan Muria Maulana Malik Ibrahim alias Chen Ying Hua/ Tan Eng Hoat*_ _*Sunan Giri yang merupakan Cucu dari Bong Swie Ho*_ _Sunan Ampel (Bong Swie Ho) alias Raden Rahmat lahir pada tahun 1401 di Champa (Kamboja)._ 

Saat itu, banyak sekali orang Tionghoa penganut Agama Muslim bermukim di sana. Ia tiba di Jawa pada 1443. Tiga puluh enam tahun kemudian, yakni pada 1479, ia mendirikan Mesjid Demak. Belanda, yang sempat ‘berperang’ dengan para Wali itu tidak percaya bahwa Sultan Islam pertama di Jawa adalah orang Tionghoa. Untuk memastikannya, pada 1928 Residen Poortman ditugaskan oleh Pemerintah Belanda untuk menyelidikinya. Poortman lalu menggeledah Kelenteng Sam Po Kong dan menyita naskah berbahasa Tionghoa. Ia menemukan Naskah kuno berusia ratusan tahun sebanyak tiga Pedati. _*Pernyataan Raden Patah adalah seorang Tionghoa ini tercantum dalam Serat Kanda Raden Patah bergelar Panembahan Jimbun, yang dalam Babad Tanah Jawi disebut sebagai Senapati Jimbun*_. Kata Jin Bun (Jinwen) dalam dialek Hokkian berarti ‘ORANG KUAT . _Cucu Raden Patah, Sunan Prawata atau Chen Muming/ Tan Muk Ming adalah Sultan terakhir dari Kerajaan Demak._ Ia berambisi meng-Islamkan seluruh Jawa, sehingga apabila Ia berhasil maka ia bisa menjadi "Segundo Turco" (seorang Sultan Turki ke II), sebanding Sultan Turki Sulaiman I dengan ke MEGAHAN nya. Kata Walisongo yang selama ini diartikan Sembilan (Sanga/Songo) Wali, ternyata masih memberikan Celah untuk versi penafsiran lain. Ada yang berpendapat bahwa kata ’Sanga’ (dilafalkan sebagai ‘Songo’ dalam Bahasa Jawa) berasal dari kata ‘Tsana’ dari bahasa Arab, yang berarti Mulia. Pendapat lainnya menyatakan kata ’Sanga’ berasal dari kata ’Sana’ dalam bahasa Jawa yang berarti Tempat. Kata Sunan yang menjadi Panggilan para anggota WaliSongo, dipercaya berasal dari dialek Hokkian ‘Su’ dan ‘Nan’. ‘Su’ merupakan kependekan dari kata ‘Suhu atau Saihu’ yang berarti Guru. Disebut Guru, karena para Wali itu adalah Guru2 Pesantren Hanafiyah, dari Mazhab Hanafi. Sementara ‘Nan’ berarti Selatan, sebab para penganut Aliran Hanafiah ini berasal dari Tiongkok Selatan. Perlu diketahui juga bahwa sebutan ‘Kyai’ yang kita kenal sekarang sebagai Sebutan untuk Guru Agama Islam, dulu digunakan untuk memanggil seorang lelaki Tionghoa Totok, seperti pangggilan ‘Encek’. Dan, Sadar atau tidak, baju Muslim yang kerap digunakan oleh Laki2 Muslim Indonesia sangat mirip dengan pakaian ala China. Baju Koko dan penutup kepala putih berasal dari China, karena di Negeri asal Islam di Timur Tengah Pakaian ini tidak dikenal. Islam ada di Indonesia sejak awal Hijriah. menurut catatan Resmi dari Jurnal China Dinasti Tang th 618 M, kepulauan Indonesia sudah masuk Islam (Sartono Karto dirdjo, Sejarah nasional Indonesia II, depdikbud, 1977, hal 265, Dr. Alwi Shihab Phd, Akar tasawuf di Indonesia, Depok, penerbit IIman, Hal.9) *_Wow..ternyata orang china yang berjasa bagi Indonesia dan bukan orang arab/habieb..!!!_*

Belanda, yang sempat ‘berperang’ dengan para wali itu sempat tidak mempercayai bahwa sultan Islam pertama di Jawa adalah orang Tionghoa. Untuk memastikannya, pada 1928, Residen Poortman ditugaskan oleh pemerintah Belanda untuk menyelidikinya. Poortman lalu menggeledah Kelenteng Sam Po Kong dan menyita naskah berbahasa Tionghoa. Ia menemukan naskah kuno berusia ratusan tahun sebanyak tiga pedati.

Arsip Poortman ini dikutip oleh Parlindungan yang menulis buku yang juga kontroversial, Tuanku Rao. Slamet Mulyana juga banyak menyitir dari buku ini. Pernyataan Raden Patah adalah seorang Tionghoa ini tercantum dalam Serat Kanda Raden Patah bergelar Panembahan Jimbun, yang dalam Babad Tanah Jawi disebut sebagai Senapati Jimbun. Kata Jin Bun (Jinwen) dalam dialek Hokkian berarti ‘orang kuat’. Cucu Raden Patah, Sunan Prawata atau Chen Muming/ Tan Muk Ming adalah Sultan terakhir dari Kerajaan Demak. Ia berambisi meng-Islamkan seluruh Jawa, sehingga apabila ia berhasil maka ia bisa menjadi "Segundo Turco" (seorang Sultan Turki ke II), sebanding sultan Turki Suleiman I dengan kemegahannya.

Kata Walisongo yang selama ini diartikan sembilan (sanga/songo) wali, ternyata masih memberikan celah untuk versi penafsiran lain. Ada yang berpendapat bahwa kata ’sanga’ (dilafalkan sebagai ‘songo’ dalam Bahasa Jawa) berasal dari kata ‘tsana’ dari bahasa Arab, yang berarti mulia. Pendapat lainnya menyatakan kata ’sanga’ berasal dari kata ’sana’ dalam bahasa Jawa yang berarti tempat.

Kata Sunan yang menjadi panggilan para anggota Walisongo, dipercaya berasal dari dialek Hokkian ‘Su’ dan ‘Nan’. ‘Su’ merupakan kependekan dari kata ‘Suhu atau Saihu’ yang berarti guru. Disebut guru, karena para wali itu adalah guru-guru Pesantren Hanafiyah, dari mazhab Hanafi. Sementara ‘Nan’ berarti berarti selatan, sebab para penganut aliran Hanafiah ini berasal dari Tiongkok Selatan.

Perlu diketahui juga bahwa sebutan ‘Kyai’ yang kita kenal sekarang sebagai sebutan untuk guru agama Islam, dulu digunakan untuk memanggil seorang
lelaki Tionghoa Totok, seperti pangggilan ‘Encek’. Dan, sadar atau tidak, baju muslim yang kerap digunakan oleh laki-laki muslim Indonesia sangat mirip dengan pakaian ala China. Baju Koko dan penutup kepala putih dianggap berasal dari China, karena di negeri asal Islam, Timur Tengah, pakaian ini tidak dikenal.

Sangat dimungkinkan bahwa cerita ini mengandung kebenaran ( walaupun mungkin tidak semua Walisongo dari Cina ), karena saat itu penduduk lokal Jawa adalah masih Hindu-Buddha dan tentunya apabila ada suatu kebudayaan baru yang masuk maka pastilah dibawa oleh pendatang dari luar. Mengingat bahwa saat itu Cina sudah menjelajah ke berbagai belahan dunia termasuk di tanah Jawa maka dimungkinkan salah satu dari mereka adalah pembawa syiar agama Islam tersebut.

Sumber:

* D. A. Rinkes "De heiligen van Java"
* Jan Edel "Hikajat Hasanoeddin"
* B. J. O. Schrieke, 1916, Het Boek van Bonang
* Utrecht: Den Boer – G.W.J. Drewes, 1969 The admonitions of Seh Bari : a 16th century Javanese Muslim text attributed to the Saint of Bonang, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff
* De Graaf and Pigeaud "De eerste Moslimse Vorstendommen op Java"
* "Islamic states in Java 1500 -1700?.
* Amen Budiman "Masyarakat Islam Tionghoa di Indonesia"
* Prof. Slamet Mulyana "Runtuhnya Kerajaan Hindu-Jawa dan Timbulnya
* Negara-negara Islam di Nusantara 

January 20, 2017

the 45th US President Donald John Trump

Billionaire real estate mogul and former reality television personality Donald Trump is the 45th president of the United States.



U.S. President, real estate mogul and former reality TV star Donald John Trump was born in 1946, in Queens, New York. In 1971, he became involved in large, profitable building projects in Manhattan. In 1980, he opened the Grand Hyatt, which made him the city's best-known developer. In 2004, Trump began starring in the hit NBC reality series The Apprenticewhich also spawned the offshoot The Celebrity Apprentice. Trump turned his attention to politics, and in 2015 he announced his candidacy for president of the United States on the Republican ticket. After winning a majority of the primaries and caucuses, Trump became the official Republican candidate for president on July 19, 2016. That November, Trump was elected the 45th President of the United States, after defeating Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton.
 @realDonaldTrump @WhiteHouse @BBCNews @YouTube Official live stream of the 58th Presidential Inaugural Committee. 45th US President @realDonaldTrump #Inauguration https://t.co/XZZz4KoLSc
Early Life and Education
 Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946, in Queens, New York, the fourth of five children of Frederick C. and Mary MacLeod Trump. Frederick Trump was a builder and real estate developer who specialized in constructing and operating middle-income apartments in Queens, Staten Island and Brooklyn. Donald was an energetic, assertive child, and his parents sent him to the New York Military Academy at age 13, hoping the discipline of the school would channel his energy in a positive manner. 
Trump did well at the academy, both socially and academically, rising to become a star athlete and student leader by the time he graduated in 1964. He then entered Fordham University and two years later transferred to the Wharton School of Finance at the University of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated in 1968 with a degree in economics. During his years at college, Trump secured education deferments for the Vietnam War draft and ultimately a 1-Y medical deferment after he graduated.

New York Real Estate Developer

Trump followed his father into a career in real estate development, bringing his grander ambitions to the family business. As a student, Trump worked with his father during the summer and then joined his father's company, Elizabeth Trump & Son, after graduation from college. He was able to finance an expansion of the company's holdings by convincing his father to be more liberal in the use of loans based on the equity in the Trump apartment complexes. However, business was very competitive and profit margins were narrow.
In 1971, Donald Trump was given control of the company, which he later renamed the Trump Organization. He also moved his residence to Manhattan, where he began to make important connections with influential people. Convinced of the city's economic opportunity, Trump soon became involved in large building projects in Manhattan that would offer opportunities for earning high profits, using attractive architectural design and winning public recognition.
When the Pennsylvania Central Railroad entered bankruptcy, Trump was able to obtain an option on the railroad's yards on the West Side of Manhattan. When initial plans for apartments proved unfeasible because of the poor economic climate, Trump promoted the property as the location of a city convention center, and the city government selected it over two other sites in 1978. Trump's offer to forego a fee if the center were named after his family, however, was turned down, along with his bid to build the complex, which was ultimately named in honor of Senator Jacob Javits.
Trump's business practices were called into question when, in 1973, the federal government filed a complaint against Trump, his father and their company alleging that they had discriminated against tenants and potential tenants based on their race, a violation of the Fair Housing Act, which is part of the Civil Rights Act of 1968. Trump responded to the case in an interview published in the New York Times“They are absolutely ridiculous,” he said of the Justice Department which filed the case. “We never have discriminated, and we never would. There have been a number of local actions against us, and we've won them all. We were charged with discrimination, and we proved in court that we did not discriminate.”
After a lengthy legal battle, the case was settled in 1975. As part of the agreement, the Trump company had to train employees about the Fair Housing Act and inform the community about its fair housing practices. Trump wrote about the resolution of the case in his 1987 memoir Art of the Deal: "In the end, the government couldn’t prove its case, and we ended up taking a minor settlement without admitting any guilt."
Meanwhile Trump had set his sights on making a big splash in commercial real estate. In 1974, he obtained an option on one of Penn Central's hotels, the Commodore, which was unprofitable but in an excellent location adjacent to Grand Central Station. The next year he signed a partnership agreement with the Hyatt Hotel Corporation, which did not have a large downtown hotel. Trump then worked out a complex deal with the city to win a 40-year tax abatement, arranged financing and then completely renovated the building, constructing a striking new facade of reflective glass designed by architect Der Scutt. When the hotel, renamedthe Grand Hyatt, opened in 1980, it was instantly popular and proved an economic success, making Donald Trump the city's best known developer in the process.
The 45th US Vice President 
Michael Richard "Mike" Pence (born June 7, 1959) is an American politician who is the 48th Vice President of the United States, in office since January 2017; he previously served as the 50th Governor of Indiana from 2013 to 2017.
Born and raised in Columbus, Indiana, Pence graduated from Hanover College and earned a law degree from the Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law before entering private practice. After losing two bids for a U.S. congressional seat in 1988 and 1990, he became a conservative radio and television talk show host from 1994 to 1999. Pence was elected to the United States Congress in 2000 and represented Indiana's 2nd congressional district and Indiana's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013. He served as the chairman of the House Republican Conference from 2009 to 2011.[1] Pence positioned himself as a principled ideologue and supporter of the Tea Party movement, noting he was "a Christian, a conservative, and a Republican, in that order

Upon becoming Governor of Indiana in January 2013, Pence initiated the largest tax cut in Indiana's history, pushed for more funding for education initiatives, and continued to increase the state's budget surplus. Pence signed bills intended to restrict abortions, including one that prohibited abortions if the reason for the procedure was the fetus's race, gender, or disability.[5] Pence stirred several high-profile controversies, including with his signature of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, for which he encountered fierce resistance from moderate members of his party, the business community, and LGBT advocates. He was forced to sign an additional bill acting as an amendment intended to protect LGBT people
On November 8, 2016, Pence was elected as Vice President, after he dropped out of his gubernatorial re-election campaign in July to become the vice presidential running mate for Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump, who went on to win the presidential election.